Antiqued or Distressed leather
Antiqued or Distressed leather is aniline-dyed leather with an artificially worn and aged appearance achieved by overlapping dye colours (usually dark over light) then hand-rubbed to create highlights and to showcase natural characteristics of the hide (scars, scratches, and wrinkles).
Buffed leather (often referred to as suede or nubuck) is aniline dyed then polished to create a nap. No pigment is applied, so colour variation is great and natural markings are visible. Prolonged exposure to sunlight will cause these leathers to fade.
Embossed leather has a pattern or design stamped in the hide by heat or high pressure. Designs can include alligator, crocodile, ostrich, floral, geometric and Native motifs.
Full Grain leather
Full Grain leather is the least-processed and highest quality leather available: not altered beyond hair removal, it retains all of the texture and markings of the original hide.
Glazed leather is aniline dyed then polished to a high lustre by passing through glass or steel rollers under great pressure. Smooth and durable with a good shine and gloss, it is considered suitable for all upholstery applications.
Naked/Full-Aniline leather is full grain leather that has been soaked in aniline dye, but does not have any subsequent pigmented or clear-coat finish applied. As such, the natural grain and imperfections of the hide are highlighted, so only the best hides are used for this application. Full-aniline leather is soft, supple, delicate, and expensive; it is best suited for light use.
Pigmented leather is aniline-dyed leather treated with a heavy pigment (paint) and top coating. Easy to maintain with a high resistance to wear, soiling, and fading, pigmented leather is ideal for heavy use or active families.
Semi-Aniline leather is dyed leather to which a matching pigment layer is added to even out colour and add protection to resistance and light. It is slightly more durable than full-aniline leather.
Split leather is the bottom layer of the hide, which has been separated from the top grain. Generally weaker than top grain leather and used in less expensive upholstered furniture applications, split leather is not recommended for heavy use.
Top Grain leather
Top Grain leather is the second-highest quality leather after full grain. Once the split (uppermost) layer of the hide has been separated, the remaining layer is sanded or shaved to correct any imperfections, then embossed with a uniform grain. Typically less expensive than full grain, top grain leather offers greater stain resistance as long as the finish remains intact.
Bonded leather or reconstituted leather is a material made of varying degrees of genuine leather combined with other substances to give the appearance of leather at reduced cost. The leather content in bonded leather upholstery ranges from 17% to 22%. None of the leather is contained in the surface of the bonded material. Most successfully marketed as a promotional product, bonded leather cannot match the quality and durability of genuine leather.